Government renewables strategies
According to the UK Government’s Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC):
Climate change is not only a massive threat to the global environment, it is also perhaps the greatest economic challenge facing us in the twenty-first century. It demands an urgent and radical response across the developed and developing world.
The Climate Change Act 2008 set legally binding targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 34% by 2020 and 80% by 2050 and introduced five-yearly carbon budgets to help ensure those targets are met.
Furthermore, the UK has signed up to the EU Renewable Energy Directive, which includes a UK target of 15% of energy from renewables by 2020. This target is equivalent to a seven-fold increase in UK renewable energy consumption from 2008 levels - the most challenging of any EU Member State.
The devolved Scottish Government’s targets for emissions reductions and electricity generation are arguably even more ambitious.
It has pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 42% by 2020 and at least 80% by 2050.
Meanwhile, it wants renewable sources to generate the equivalent of 80% of Scotland's gross annual electricity consumption by 2020.